Une gaffe is a word that has two colloquial meanings. The first one is “blunder”. It sounds a little old-fashioned to me but you can still hear it today.

Je crois que j’ai fait une gaffe.
I think I goofed up.

Instead of faire une gaffe, you can also use the verb gaffer.

However, gaffe is much more common in the expression faire gaffe (note the absence of article), a very frequent colloquial synonym of faire attention, i.e. “pay attention”.

Désolé, j’ai pas fait gaffe.
Sorry, I didn’t pay attention.

Fais gaffe, y a une bagnole qui arrive !
Watch out, there’s a car coming!

Listen to the examples:

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